Since I only realized very
recently that the Cretaceous is not a misspelled marine mammal, I wont
debate with such a distinguished geologist about the Uzboy.
However, drawn by curiosity, I
have looked for scientific papers on the topic and noted that the authors
(geologists and archeologists) listed below seem to agree that during
geological times (Quaternary) the Uzboy was indeed a river which reached
the Caspian and that it was probably flooded at times, at least in its
eastern part (south of Khiva), during some historical periods as
There is no unanimity however about when it was flooded for the
last time and how far the water reached, although I found nobody, so far,
claiming that it went further west than the Sarykamish basin.
very rare, very old and long-deserted ruins (mainly the Parthian Igdy
kala) on the banks of the western part of the Uzboy one can infer that
during the period discussed in the essay (16th to 19th century) it was
about as dry as it is today.
By the way, since we all deserve a
little fun, allow me to quote a Polish journalist called R. Kapuscinski :
..« A riverine civilization existed along the banks of the river from
at least the 5th century BC until the 18th century, when the water which
had fed the Uzboy abruptly stopped flowing out of the main course of the
Amu-darya. The Uzboy dried up, and the tribes which had inhabited the
river's banks were abruptly dispersed, the survivors becoming nomadic
This well known reporter also claimed to have met
Che Guevara at a time when the Che was already dead for a
- Archeological Studies in Turkmenistan.
G.A. Koshelenko, A.N. Bader, V.A. Gaibov.
- Physical Oceanography of
the dying Aral Sea. P. Zavialov.
- The medieval Aral Sea crisis. V. N.
Preliminary data on chemical changes in the Aral Sea during
low level periods from the
last 9000 years. L. Le Callonec, A. Person
Histoire de l’Ouzboď, cours fossile de l’Amu-darya. R.
The Iranian-Georgian branch of the Silk Road... M.