Collecting Baluch - Evolution?
Recently in another thread Chuck Wagner alluded to the evolution of his taste in collecting Baluch pieces over time. From time to time we have new collectors joining Turkotek showing their early purchases and asking for opinions from more experienced collectors. Not infrequently, there are subtle suggestions that these new pieces would not be of much interest to "serious collectors". Personally, even though I am still very new at this hobby, I know that my taste in rugs has evolved over the past several years. So, for what it's worth, I'll try to illustrate a bit of my "collecting trajectory", which I think shows how spending some time reading, looking and more importantly, handling lots of rugs changes one's perspective about what is a "good rug". I'll leave it to others to judge whether "progress" is evident, but I can tell you that many of my family, friends and acquaintances don't seem to think I am moving in the right direction. In particular, they are curious about a penchant to get older and more worn out rugs, and to hang them on walls.
Okay, so here are 3 Baluch rugs from my collection, representing my favourites from my "early" (i.e. >10 years ago), "middle" (5-10 years) and "late" (<5 years) collecting periods. One aspect of my collecting approach that has remained somewhat constant is a penchant for pieces in good condition. I think I would only purchase a piece in distressed condition if it were really special and/or rare. Otherwise, I tend to find bad condition to detract too much from the overall aesthetic, which kind of defeats the purpose for me.
I'd be interested in seeing how others' tastes have changed over time, either within the Baluch or any other genre.
Early ("Yakub Khani" prayer rug, purchased in 1986... my first rug)
Middle ("Yakub Khani" rug, purchased in 2002)
Late ("Jehan Begi"? rug, purchased in 2006)
Better Late than Never!
Your collecting evolution has eclipsed mine by far. It only took 22 years for me to progress from a modern Afghan mat to a questionable Salar Khani bag face.
I anticipate that soon you will be publishing a popular Baluch Antique Rug book.
The "engsi-like" design of your first rug is interesting. The middle rug is certainly "respectable".
The "Late" rug seems "early" and would easily compete for the place currently taken by my Pak Bokara.
What I noticed was how quickly and substantially my "taste" in rugs changed. I think this is partly based on gaining more knowledge, but it probably also relates to a socialization process (i.e. communicating with a bunch of people who like dusty old rugs).
I think that luck and opportunity has a lot to do with "evolution". Although I would like to continue to find rugs like the last (Jehan Begi) rug in my price range, I realize that could be difficult. So I would be content to pick up an occasional rug that might be considered a "regression" in my trajectory. But I am definitely much more selective now than I was 5 years ago.
If I were ever presumptuous enough to try to publish my rugs in a book, it would be very short... Maybe a leaflet would be more appropriate.
P.S. I would show you a picture of my Pak Bokhara that was purchased a bit after my first Baluch rug (same trip), but I haven't had the courage to take a picture of it yet...
Hi James, based on the example you've provided of your latest stage of collecting, the direction things have taken is enviable. The formal balance -- the overall distribution of color, light and dark, shape and line, the visual weight of the borders in relation to the field -- in your 'Jehan Begi' is really fine. The rigor of the lattice in the field and the angular tracery in the main border plays beautifully off the lively distribution of small motifs throughout. I would love to spend an hour just looking at the different kinds of passages articulated by the white knots.
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I wish I had something profound to say or slick to show in order to generate some momentum in this thread. I'm interested in hearing what people have to say along the lines of the evolution of their collecting instincts and proclivities.
When I was actively looking for rugs, I thought there were three important considerations: color, color, and color. Well, not quite that extreme, but for the most part, I considered the design a relatively neutral vehicle for the color. To take Caucasian rugs as an example, say an Eastern Caucasian white field prayer rug, it didn't matter that much what the particular design components were from among the usual selection. It was the color that had to be right. No excellence of design could make up for bad color. I have become much more attuned to small differences in design elements since tuning into TurkoTek.
Looking at your three examples, one might use color as the differentiating factor in your evolving discrimination. The third one, which we've seen before (and are more than happy to see again) has wonderful color, in the Baluch manner. It's low key but glowingly elegant, and distinguished by that special cochineal, or whatever it is. The second doesn't look bad, but is not in the league of the third. I can't say for sure on #1, but it may be a late synthetic, no?
Beyond the color question, there is also a progression in the three pieces as regards the secondary elements of texture and finish (ends and selvages) which characterize the pieces as traditional Baluch. In a general way, I correlate these considerations with age. The third one is what a Baluch is suppposed to be. The other two show the decline of the type into homogeneity, the first moreso.
Do you still have #s one and two? What do you think of them now?
I am very uninformed of nice rugs vs. crap since I am new to rug collecting. The first rug I purchased was from a shop in Turkey while I was there for a couple of days in 2005 on a military assignment. I was told it was a Persian village rug from Khorasan by Barry O'Connell.
I have a total of eight rugs and have only purchased three of them in person, the rest were purchased off of ebay or (dealer's name, deleted). I am happy with all of them except one (my latest purchase from ebay). I thought I was buying a runner from Iran but the packaging was from a place in Pakistan.
Where was my point going in this post? Oh yeah... My reasoning for the purchases I make now is totally looks and cost. My most expensive rug is $350, the Khorasan I mentioned above. One of my favorites is a Baluch prayer I picked up in Kuwait for $70 so for me it is not how much a rug cost, but how I view it. I would say most collectors would think my rugs are junk but what matters is what pleases you. So if you like your rugs be happy with that.
I will take any advice someone of more knowledge of rugs on what to look for in a good rug. I don't think I will ever look for older rugs though. Thanks a lot.
Don't give up on old rugs. You may have a change of mind. Happy collecting.
Like you, a very important consideration for me has been colour, especially in the past few years. The decision to acquire the "Jehan Begi" (#3 above) was almost instantaneous and based largely on the first display of the rug, which impressed me with the wonderfully lustrous multi-toned blue field that seemed to be a window inside the strong but spacious borders. Over time I have come to appreciate some of the finer points of the rug. I've come to think that it has a fairly sophisticated composition, using traditional design elements and motifs artistically.
Yes, I still have both of the other rugs. I am persuaded that the prayer rug has a synthetic red, but I admit that I still like it enough, partly due to sentimentality. The wool is very good and the blues are impressive. Still, it is more of utilitarian mat than anything else now. I still have considerable affection for #2 (the Yakub Khan). The wool and colours are very good, and there is considerable corrosion of brown wool resulting in a nice 3-D effect.
Fred, I have bought the large majority of my rugs "in person", though I have had some satisfying purchases on line as well. One reason for this ratio is that I have had the opportunity to visit a variety of dealers here and there with good rugs. Another reason is that I am much more impulsive when I am handling rugs in person than I am "on line".
Personally, I doubt that I will look much at new rugs in the future. I think that there are enough inexpensive "oldish" rugs with good colours, acceptable designs and in good condition to meet my decorative requirements. I recently purchased a mint condition room sized "Afghan" carpet (maybe 50-70 years old) with rich colours for a little more than $1000. I just can't see how a new machine made or factory woven carpet could offer comparable value, but I know that in the general population I am likely in the minority on this. The one complication is that we sometimes need to change the colour of our walls or decor to go with the rugs. Finally, I am persuaded that one can still find some excellent and relatively old pieces at relatively low prices, especially if you are content with small pieces. I have a few small old Baluch pieces in the $100-350 range that I really like, though their "collectibility" is debatable.
Is the second image (Yakub Khani) a typical older style wool foundation piece? I may be underestimating it. I didn't see it as having the sculpted pile effect one likes to find in a Baluch. There is a modern quality of Baluch that has different materials for warp and weft than they formerly used, along with the diminution or omission of certain secondary features (e. g., flatwoven ends), resulting in an essentially different fabric. Your first image may be one of them. Intending no disrespect, I have no desire for them.
Is there any chance of a close-up or two of the Yakub Khani? I've posted an image you may have seen before of a Baluch with considerable erosion, giving the sculpted effect. I hate to be repetitive, but I haven't been acquiring lately. However, this piece is a good example of the results of my former strategy, which was to try to find "sleepers" in the marketplace (thus, remotely germaine to the theme of the salon).
The rug posted was sold at a high visibility auction for next to nothing. It was so soiled, the pattern was hard to make out, and the fabric was very stiff. The professional (and amateur) bidders ignored it, but it turned out to be extremely supple, and well woven with excellent wool and very saturated and good color. Moreover, the secondary characteristics, including the flatwoven ends and typical Baluch selvages, were very well done. The wear patterns resulting from the erosion aren't as obtrusive in real life as they are in the photo.
I bought this about 25 years ago, but I thought it might yet be useful to show recent enthusiasts that it is possible to find worthy items with patience and attention.
I agree that you made a really nice selection with that Baluch. I especially like the border and the effective use of Baluchi "white punctuation".
Here are a few close-up pictures of my "Yakub Khani". You can see that it has a rather "rosy" palette compared to some Baluch... perhaps not as traditional.
I think it might have had some traditional kilim weaving at the ends, but it is worn to very close to the pile edge. It looks to have wool on wool construction. The corrosion of dark brown is at a relatively early stage, so this rug should age well!
Thanks, James. Some age, but not real old. I like it, though, better than I thought on the full shot.
James, that third rug is especially nice. I love the
Richard, your Baluch is also very nice and I am surprised no one else wanted it. It seems that dirty rugs are a treasure hunter's best friend.
My own evolution has been slow and more due to necessity for good, attractive floor coverings than as collectibles, though my tastes are greatly improving thanks to this site. Now I have a good Baluch on my acquisition list!
If my take on the market is any good, it is possible to acquire Baluch reasonably these days. Hold out for a good one, as there are half-baked examples everywhere.
Go to the TurkoTek links at NERS. Click on their "gallery" link, then on the Mark Hopkins Baluch exhibition. Look at Nos. 29 & 30. You will see a flock of birds looking for your flock. The fact that any number of Turkotekkers refrained from pointing out the similarity in your birds to the classic Baluch bird is an astonishing demonstration of mass restraint.
Hi James, et al,
Sorry for the long delay between posts - it looks like Fridays & weekends are all I'll have for a little while. I particularly like your third rug - which fits with my current state of evolution, BTW - the multicolor main border is nicely done, IMHO.
And, the second is quite nice as well. I like that border motif, as you'll see in a moment.
Rich - is yours really as dark as it looks in the image, or is that a function of lighting ?
I should note that I'd like to be describing my current state as "fully Timuriated". But the nice old Timuri pieces are few & far between - in short, I don't own one yet.
So, on to Baluch evolution. The first few (like, about 3) Baluch pieces we bought were purchased for decorative floor cover. We had been cruising rug shops for a couple years, but without money and without a well developed sense of tribal weaving. One thing the cruise time provided was ample opportunity to judge what is mundane and common, and what is a little unusual. So, even though these first few purchases get little more than turned up noses from the average Turkotekker, they are still unusual within their own genre (20th century commercial Baluch production).
So, you hard core Baluchophiles hold your noses and scroll down a little. The rest of you can see what the earliest days were like. Here's our first Baluch (probably 1985)- a prayer rug with a stripped down tree-of-life motif, most unusual borders, and a non-traditional but moderately interesting color pallette (no garish Afghan orange - that's natural brown wool in the tree with dark orange outline):
The next one has a design that was apparently popular in the 1970's - weird by any measure but interesting nevertheless, with the bat-winged figures in the medallions. Zillions of totemics scattered around randomly in the field; not that common in commercial pieces. This one doesn't have any nasty orange either, but it does have a very queasy pistachio green in a minor border that is a little creepy. Four cord selvage and embroidered kilim ends are a nice touch from the older style of construction:
A little further along, we were looking for things more like this one, a classic Kawdani prayer rug with about 220 knots per square inch, a very nice dark madder red, and that border motif I mentioned above. By this time we were also buying Baluch khorjins, and had begun focusing on the old pieces (we can do bags in another thread). New or old, Baluch or otherwise, we were aways looking for finer than average workmanship:
More recently - the last 10 years or so - a combination of availability, experience, and increasing available cash has allowed us to acquire some "better" Baluchi (and Baluch-like) pieces. I've shown these in Show and Tell sessions before, but here's a couple from the last 3 years. Ths first is a Persian Ferdowsi figural rug showing a scene from the tale of Khosrow and Shiriin:
I don't know what to call this next one, obviously Baluch, not particularly common, and attractive:
So, there's another progression, not unlike James' in some regards, over the course of about 25 years now.
I like your progression, with the last two rugs being the "keepers" in my opinion.
One thing I have noticed in some of your previous posts is an interest in the quality of construction, especially for utilitarian pieces. I must confess that has not been any part of my considerations. I tend to go for the aesthetic appeal and/or "tribal interest" angle, perhaps because I am generally ignorant of the details of weaving techniques.
My modified Mina Khani is dark, but not muddy. When I'm looking at it, the thought is, "Mahogany." Here's a detail shot. The color is pretty accurate on my monitor.
I have a Baluch very much like the last image you put up. I tried to photograph it today, but the camera balked. Battery issue. I'll try to persevere. Regarding the third image you posted (?Kawdani? prayer rug), I see a big difference in the red color between the full shot and the detail. The detail looks much the better. With that fineness of knotting, I see why yoou are taken with the piece.
I would have a lot of trouble looking at the green in your first image for very long. What do you think of it?
P. S. The pictorial rug. Wild. It looks like some Caucasians of the same ilk. Did they copy those people from a deck of playing cards?
Rich and All,
Thank you for the great link, it looks like I need to browse through all the Turkotek links. I hadn't expected sites with so many cool rugs!
It's too late, I already acquired a slightly more than half-baked example on ebay, and forgot that I had a Baluch en-route! Still, it looks nice on the floor and gives me some different colors to look at.
This rug is a little more crooked than I would like. It has caused some bunching and extra wear in those areas. It was quite dirty when I received it and looked much better after a good wash!
The weaver made a mistake in the width of the field and had to correct after the first line of guls.
Looks like I still have some evolving to do...
Well, Scott, that's my kind of Baluch. First and foremost, the colors look good. The banana shape is not an issue. Repeat: not an issue.
I'm with Rich; the only evolving you might need to do is recognize that as a classic 1st-quarter 20th c. Baluchi carpet. I like the blue accents in the border, myself.
That last rug is not easy to photograph. It typically comes out looking orange, when in fact it's a pale tannish-red. It takes a disciplined eye to pick that shade out of the images. I think I have another image with better color; I'll post it shortly.
Dark is right, and some wool corrosion loss as well, huh ? Still, in the right light, with those white highlights, it must be quite striking. It's another one of a cast of thousands that demonstrate that getting rug photos right is a real pain in the neck.
You're right about the Kawdani - the red in the closeups is dark and rich. The first photo is one of my many contributions to the Not-That-Good Rug Color Representation Society.
The green in the first rug comes across as more neon that it actually is for the same reason. If I darken the image to get it right, everything else starts to look unrealistically dull. Oh well. Regardless, that's now a utility floor rug that will live a life of celibacy - I won't be buying anything like that again. That's evolution...
Regarding the figural rug, Parviz Tanavoli published a book called "Kings, Heroes and Lovers: Pictorial Rugs from the Tribes and Villages of Iran" that has lots of interesting photos and two or three examples of Ferdowsi rugs. The style is highly variable in detail, but in the end the failure to achieve good perspective does gives most of them a King Of Hearts look.
You could do worse. That's not a bad rug. I like the odd critter tossed into the mix.
Thanks guys! I know the bent shape is somewhat common and from what I hear a
mark of tribal authenticity, but this one seems a little too much; it is a
little disconcerting at times. But I like the rug so I am sure I'll get used to
it. The best thing about it is I'm starting to get an affinity for the Beluch
aesthetic. I like how during the day it lightens up and at night under the
incandescent lights it becomes dark, somber, and somehow warm. It provides a
great contrast to most of my other rugs.
I can see that the new plan is to revolve rugs...
Here's that other image of the Baluch rug - less orange than the big image implies:
More poker faces...
Here is a collage of Firdows rugs to keep yours company. As you see, yours is in there too, plus if I remember rightly, another one from a Turkotek member. Ours is the larger one in the middle . The Sotheby's description of the older rug on the bottom left said: "The origin of rugs of this group is a matter of some contention. Julian Homer and more recently Dennis Woodman have pointed to a Beluch attribution (see Hali, issue 120, p. 13), but Tom Cole (Hali, issue 117, pp. 82-86, fig. 7) has suggested an Afshar origin." We do have the rug, but not the Halis The picture on the late 19th c. rug at the far right is practically identical to ours, but less playing card-like. The faces show more individuality, and the border has escaped the later squarification.
The other picture shows a rug that was presented as a mid 20th century afshar.
Rich, we call that a masculine jaw, with excuses to the ladies there in of course.
A bit off the evolution topic but relevant to your very nice “modified” Mina Khani rug: I take it that the modified part refers to the border. I have been looking for years on end, without success, for that particular border design as it closely matches the border of a rug I picked up in Kabul about forty years ago. Here is a picture of one corner.
Do you happen to have any information about this design aside that it is found on an occasional Baluch rug?
When I said "modified Mina Khani," I was really referring to the field design. The "true" design as I understand it is a particular layout of palmettes or medallion pieces with an additional or subsidiary component consisting of vines with (usually) five-petaled flowers. The latter are usually white, though not always (see the Bijar image I posted in Joel's Caucasian thread). The literature often characterizes variant designs as being Mina Khani related or inspired. My dark Baluch would be an example, with the four-petaled white flowers and the much more regular designs alongside them. By the way, one also hears or reads that the "variant" versions are derivative, and presumably later (at least as a general proposition) for that reason. I have my doubts there, however, as some of the "variant" versions seem ancient, and some of the standard ones, particularly Baluch renditions, seem more recent. For example, there is a plate in Black & Loveless (Wandering Baluchi) that they seem to consider the oldest piece in the exhibition (sorry, don't have the book handy for the plate number), and it looks like a Mina Khani variant design, including (if memory serves me) six-petaled white flowers.
Anyway, I have also always liked the border system on your and my pieces. It is a Baluch usage, I think. I can't think offhand of having seen it in other weavings. I like the generally strong and clear drawing in your rug. That outer, double hook border, for example.
I've had a look at the Black & Loveless plate, it's #39. The white petaled flower in that rug is eight petals. Sorry I don't have a scanner to put it up here. I never saw that rug in the wool, but the authors were quite taken with it.
Here is an extremely abbreviated selection of Baluch pieces I have collected
over the years. This is one of my early pieces, although the first was the main
carpet that I still have not found a photo of, and the second was a small Afghan
piece long ago traded away. This is a small mat, with synthetic colors and a
unique ? field design. It is interesting and different. It has an eerie
similarity to Ferdows pieces, and the winged rider has what appears to be
headphones from a music player. I was not aware that they had i-pods that long
A few years later I found this piece, resting under some baseball trinkets in an antiques store. It was my first balisht and I did not know what it was. The closure loops seen near the top were a first clue. It was unusual to me and seemed rather old.
After a few more years, this little thing presented itself on the bottom shelf of an antiques store, underneath some trinkets and gew-gaws. It is a significantly better balisht, much older than the first and related in design. By this time, I knew that it was a balisht and that it was a very nice one.
Both of the antiques stores have long since closed.
This was an early e-bay piece. It is a bit odd as these things go, but big and colorful, with some light blue that has a yellow component which has faded on the front and shows as light green from the back. Having read a bit about Baluch rugs, and buying a subscription to Hali, I had seen a few Baluch pieces with this design. It is a design that is always interesting.
And my most recent Baluch.
This progression of collecting Baluch weavings has been long and satisfying - although due to being ostracized by "real" rug collectors I have had to pursue this activity privately. As I learned more, the pieces I acquired were a little bit better, and now I restrain myself from buying something just because it is a bargain. And, of course one reason is that I just do not have enough shelf space in the inert-gas, climate-controlled vault - to keep them from contaminating the rest of the collection.
The figure in the first one in your last post is not only listening to her iPod, she's obviously caught up in the music and dancing.
So, you're now a public Baluchomaniac. We have a "don't ask" policy, so we would never have raised the issue with you. But I'm sure you'll find that finally coming out of that closet will take the heavy weight you've been carrying around off your shoulders.
I'm glad you explained that opening one. At first look, I took it to be one of the famous "Baluch portrait rugs." You know, the kind where the weaver is set up right there in the suq, and you actually sit for her while she weaves the rug. (For the incredulous, may I refer you to the equally famous TurkoTek portrait gallery, more specifically, the entry for brother Weiler.)
But seriously, as they say... Patrick, You seem to be saying the second of your two ToL balishts is significantly older and better than the first. I would say both are corkers, but what is it about the distinctions between them that leads you to that conclusion? BTW, I hope Steve is right about your closet Baluchotic affliction. Anyone who doesn't have it and who is finding this stuff under baseball card collections, or whatever, at the local antique shoppe, needs a good flogging.
BTW, as I'm sure you're aware, the second last image in your latest post, the bagface with the strong sky blue, has a design in the vein of the famous prayer rug in the collection of the V & A. I'm too inept to place the link here, but it can be seen at the "Thomas Cole" site that is part of the TurkoTek links. Go to articles on Baluch rugs and keep going, etc.
Ummm, not much to say about item #1, though I agree that it is "interesting" and "different", in so many ways.
I like the rest of the group, and especially the bag-face with the octagonal "S guls". I also like both balishts. I am still trying to figure out your most recent acquisition. I have an inkling that it indicates that you are instinctively trying to break away from the Baluchophilia and migrate back to S. Persia, starting with a nod to the Veramin aesthetic.
Here is a link to the Tom Cole web site page with the prayer rug:
The V&A wanted mine, but it was too expensive and old for them.
You are seeing the tail end of a long, disgusting, odiferous trail of buying and discarding Baluch weavings. The dirty underbelly of a distasteful pursuit. Baluch collecting is abhorrent to the mainstream. How abhorrent is it? They don't even have a 12 step program yet.
Yes, I have been having the same trouble with some of my pieces. Those museums just refuse to pay for quality and age these days....
Good, Bad, Ugly
Since the intent of this thread is to explore our Baluch collecting evolution, I thought I would share an earlier piece along with some later acquisitions.
I would most likely not purchase that first piece today, although it only cost the equivalent of a good meal when I bought it. Of course when I bought it a good meal consisted of a six pack and a pizza.
The balisht trajectory started innocently enough with that first piece. It has a rather heavy handle, not floppy like the second, earlier piece. The design is considerably "degenerated" or modified from the original version seen on the earlier piece. My (uneducated guess) age estimate for the first piece is 1900 +/- and the second piece could be 3rd quarter 19th century. The colors are better and the wool is finer in the early piece. I also have a third balisht which is late 19th century with a questionable pink and with offset knotting. A photo of it can be seen on Marla Mallett's web site page on offset knotting:
I would have shown a couple of my less distinguished (euphemism for hideous) early-acquisition Baluch pieces but this is a Family web site.
I know just what you mean about the heavy handle vs. the lighter texture of the older piece. All things being equal, it is a good rule of thumb item on the age question. Still, I wouldn't necessarily look at the later balisht as representing degeneration in the design. I like that treatment.
Great link to the Marla Mallett thing on offset knotting. If that entry of yours is "Baluch," it is near the periphery of the umbrella in my view. A neat, funky piece, for sure, with offset knotting to boot. If you don't mind, can you say with reference to the image on Marla's site where in the piece you find the questionable pink?
BTW, thanks also for the link to the Tom Cole site where the V & A Baluches can be seen. I was able to find it myself, but a few of the whippersnappers following this thread absolutely need to look at those rugs. Required reading. On a rather tangential note, I happened to be looking through an old exhibition catalog from 1983 published by the London dealer, Raymond Benardout, in conjunction with the International rug symposium that took place there that year (the Jon Thompson "Carpet Magic) conference. He (Benardout) was stating in the preface that he considered it ridiculous that some were heard to be dating Baluch rugs to the middle or early 19th century. He stated there that the earliest V & A Baluches bore acquisition dates in the 1920's. Of course, it isn't true, as the Tom Cole link readily shows.
As one of the whippersnappers, thanks for that link! It is good to see some old Baluch pieces with real dates assigned. And your Baluch pieces look great, though the Pegasus-lady is a bit odd...
My first rug
This was the first rug I ever bought. I got it at a fund raising event supporting Cultural Survival's work with Afghan refugees in Pakistan about ten years ago. I've always figured that it was late 20th century Afghan refugee production and that "Baluch" was all the description necessary.
However, now that I've caught the rug bug and spend much time checking the Turkotek discussions, I have the need to try to find out more about it. I've looked through all the books on Baluch weaving that I can get my hands on, but haven't found the answers I seek (like, "it doesn't look like a triple mihrab. Are those combs up there?) I know there are some hard-core folks who savor discussing all things Baluch (or related) who will see this, so I hope to draw out some more specific info. I've included a picture of the back and a clumsy attempt at a close-up of the end finish and weft-wrapping on the kilim. Any thoughts as to origin (or anything else) will be appreciated.
I think this is precisely "late 20th century Afghan refugee production," as you describe it, a version of the venerable Baluchi "mosque" prayer rug design. If you have a copy of Craycraft's Belouch Prayer Rugs handy, you can look at plates 5 and 12 for old versions, and then go ahead to plate 19 for the intermediate example between these and your example. In this Taimani example you can see your pointed arch, and the three-and-two-half (?) little mosque roofs at the top that are about to become the four-and-a-half in your example. If I had a scanner I would provide these images, but alas, I am barely able to operate my wife's digital camera (this is by way of explaining the low quality of the images I often post here...sigh...). The colors in your piece are nice modern versions of an older tonality, and I like the embroidered ends, which reproduce a minor border design that turns up on a lot of old Baluchis, like the stars-and-bars border that your weaver used on the sides of the field. I don't know if you're following Jim Allen's discussion of an Anatolian border design currently in another forum, but a version of that appears to surface here in your main border. You sure did better in your first purchase than I did in my first Baluch, to which I refer in the thread I started elsewhere in this forum.