Posted by Jerry Silverman on November 29, 1998 at 23:08:48:
In Reply to: Eagle Kazaks: Ethnographic vs. Commercial Marketing posted by Irwin Kirsch on November 29, 1998 at 22:21:43:
: Jerry's musings on Eagle Kazaks have stirred up my own empirical findings. The earliest Chelaberd's were squarish in shape, had a wide major ivory crab border, and contained a single medallion. A good example is the Bortz rug, recently sold, shown in Hali, Vol. 98, pg. 64. A distinguishing old feature which I was told by several rug dealers is the pendent above and below the medallian. Other early single medallian designs contained the large latched or serrated leaf design above and below the medallian. (See Ulrich Schurman, Caucasian Rugs, plate 28). I believe these early pieces are ethnographic and their colors are lighter and brighter.
: At some point in time, possibly 3rd quarter of the 19th century, this design became so popular that it was commercialized, and the medallians multiplied on the rug, as many as four, and the leaves and pendents disappeared. The colors became darker. The multiple medallians were most likely the result of increasing the rugs length to accommodate Western sized rooms, and now the length was often more than twice the width. If length to accommodate specific "retail markets" was of paramount importance, maybe this would account for the large number of eagle kazaks found with 1/2 medallians (e.g., 1 1/2, 2 1/2) woven in the field.
: What's your thoughts? Does this seem plausible?
Makes sense, Irwin. And it matches similar stories I've heard told.
But it raises the question, where's the paper trail? (Maybe I've been paying too much attention to Washington affairs, so to speak.) Where are the commercial records ordering the production of longer, multi-medallioned Eagle Kazaks? This work didn't take place in the hoary past of a completely pre-literate time. We're talking about the last quarter of the 19th century - scarcely more than 100 years ago. Granted, it is possible that the weavers were illiterate. (Were they?) What do we know of them? What do we know of the ways in which workers were employed at that time? Were there import/export documents that mentioned Eagle Kazaks or whatever they might have been called at that time? If they were being made to order, who was doing the ordering? And are there records of those orders?
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